9th December 2021: According to information presented to the Rajya Sabha by the Ministry of Home Affairs, Uttar Pradesh accounted for nearly 40% of the yearly human rights violation allegations made by the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in the three fiscal years ending on October 31.
In answer to DMK MP M Shanmugam's question on whether incidences of human rights abuses were increasing, Minister of State for Home Affairs Nityanand Rai stated that the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) was concerned with monitoring and accumulating information on such violations. According to data, the number of incidents recorded in the preceding three years has declined. There were 89,584,76,628 and 74,968 incidents registered in 2018, 2019, and 2020, respectively. As of October 31, Uttar Pradesh has the most occurrences documented by the NHRC, with 41,947 incidents in 2018, 32,693 cases in 2019, 30,164 cases in 2020, and 24,242 cases in 2021. Since 2018, the NHRC has recommended monetary settlements to victims of human rights breaches totaling Rs 63.67 crore.
According to officials, there has been no increase in cases in the country. This may sound contradictory, given that, according to Amnesty International's 2020 report, "freedom of expression was safeguarded selectively, and opposition was repressed through arbitrary restrictions on peaceful marches and by silencing critics." According to the group, school children, educators, journalists, and artists who fight for human rights have been unfairly incarcerated, sometimes without charge or conviction. Following a Supreme Court judgment to reduce jail overcrowding in order to prevent the spread of COVID-19, authorities continued to detain a large number of persons who were critical of the administration.
The most recent NHRC statistics focus on the situation in Uttar Pradesh, where police forces imprisoned and allegedly tortured ten Muslim males in violation of a state law that punishes consensual inter caste marriages.