Legal Correspondent: Utkarsh Sinha
October 17, 2021: The cabinet and PM Modi have set a radical departure from India’s past education paradigms and policies by passing a new transformational National Education Policy (NEP) 2020. The New policy changes proposed in the NEP 2020 could lead to better learning and even the employment outcomes of the nation. India is never been a country where one size fits in for all. There is a very large differential across states and communities. The new education policy committee under Dr. Kasturirangan’s leaderships recognized this fundamental differentiator, and has laid out a far-reaching vision to create learning environment much bolt, multidisciplinary, that adds up to the well-rounded education for all individuals, and one of the plus points is that it has immense potential to transform the country’s human capital development and moreover the policy has been sketched to boost and optimize learning for students which is based on the cognitive and overall development of the children.
The rate of higher education in India has reached an inflexion point. Today around 3.7 crore students in the country are enrolled in 51,649 institutions with a Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) of 26.3. As per the AISHE (MHRD now, Ministry of Education as per NEP 2020) 2018-19 report, 91 lakh student graduated per year.
This count shows, it is officially the largest education system in the world. The new education policy 2020 focuses on the creation of at least one large multidisciplinary institution in or near every district by 2030, and there by will drive the gross enrollment ratio to 50 by 2035.
The NEP 2020 was designed taking into consideration of the current scenario and has taken several best practices across the international educational system. Also, steps are being taken by the educational institutes and the authorities considered alike, to keep in match with the global standards of the education and introduce a hitherto unseen, holistic approach to education.
These policies moving the education sector point towards a bright future for the country and its students. While the policy level changes are in the right direction, there are still some challenges to overcome in our journey to increase the access to good quality education for all. Some of the challenges are like lack of infrastructure, it is one of the biggest challenges in the nation with quality of education in many publics as well as in private higher educational institutes. Many a times we come across some of the review section from students in our websites where they complain about the low-quality infrastructure hosted by their respective university.
The Central University of Jharkhand has been rated 3 out of 5 on infrastructure on the basis of 48 student verified reviews on Shiksha. These infrastructure facilities offered to the students plays a very significant role in determining their decision taking for their higher education i.e., will they either stay in the country or move to abroad for pursuing higher studies.
For handling such a situation and venture into a new era of education, many Indian higher education institutes have applied loans in HEFA (Higher Education Financing Agency) under the govt. funded scheme RISE. RISE (Revitalizing Infrastructure and System in Education), whose sole purpose is improving the infrastructure of the govt. higher education institutions across the country by sanctioning loans, thereby uplifting the education scenario. This NEP would help students by awaking the minds to the wonders and mysteries of the universe. These important developments which we talked about above will free the students from doubts; remove the social evils and superstition that are plaguing the society.
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